ProDental Centar | Dežurni stomatolog
Oral surgery

Oral surgery

Oral surgery

Oral surgical interventions in our office are small surgical interventions performed under local anesthesia, with the aim of remediating pathological processes on dental, bone and soft tissues of the oral cavity. The most common oral surgical interventions performed in ambulatory conditions are:

Extraction of teeth, Extraction of impacted teeth, Apicotomy, Cystectomy, Ridge levelling, Frenectomy, Flap surgery 

Extraction of impacted teeth

Impacted teeth are those teeth that, for whatever reason, have not grown and are stuck partially or completely in the bone tissue of the jaw. The impacted tooth needs to be extracted because it can possibly lead to complications in later life, although the patient often has no symptoms. Only by looking at an X-ray can we determine its presence in the jaw. Although any tooth can be impacted, the teeth that most often remain impacted are impacted wisdom teeth and impacted canines.


Oral surgery

Apicotomy (resection of the tooth root) - If the process on the tip of the root cannot be treated conservatively or if after a conservative treatment the infection still exists, the solution is resection of the tip of the tooth root or apicotomy. Apicotomy involves the removal of granulation tissue around the tip of the tooth root by curettage and shortening of the tip of the tooth root to the very edges of the bone defect. It is considered a small surgical intervention, and it lasts from 30 to 60 minutes, depending on the region and the tooth in question.

Cystectomy - A cyst is an oval pathological cavity filled with liquid content lined with epithelium. They grow slowly and are most often diagnosed accidentally after X-rays are taken to plan a dental treatmen.
Ridge leveling aims to model or remove sharp bone edges, exostosis and growths that interfere with prosthetic care or wearing a prosthesis.
Frenectomy - Frenulum is a mucous fold or tassel, more precisely, a muscle-fibrous ribbon formation covered with mucous membrane that connects the mimic musculature (muscles) of the upper and lower lips to the alveolar ridge between the central incisors (upper and lower units). The lingual frenulum is a mucosal fold that connects the tongue with floor of the oral cavity. If the frenulum of the lips is more pronounced, it can be the cause of the central teeth spacing in both children and adults, it can pull the gums from the central incisors or it can interfere with the making and wearing of prostheses in elderly edentulous (toothless) patients. In that case, this intervention is called frenuloplasty. Regarding the time when the correction of the low attachment of the frenulum in children should be performed, orthodontists recommend that it be after the eruption of the upper permanent lateral incisors (upper twos). Frenectomy is a simple oral surgical intervention that is performed under local anesthesia and today it is performed just as successfully with the Biolase Epic laser, the latest generation laser that our dental practice owns. Frenulum of the tongue can hinder the mobility of the tongue in children, and thus make speech difficult. Removal of the frenulum of the tongue (labial frenulum) is a simple surgical intervention. It is performed under local anesthesia.
Flap surgery - Flap surgery is performed on a group of teeth where advanced periodontitis cannot be treated conservatively.

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